Philippines Reforestation, Agroforestry and Biomass ‘Triple Benefit’ CDM Project Research

Global Environment Centre Foundation(GEC)

Reports of CDM/JI Feasibility Studies

Title of Feasibility Study (FS)Philippines Reforestation, Agroforestry and Biomass ‘Triple Benefit’ CDM Project Research
FYFY 2007
Main Implementing EntityMitsubishi Research Institute, Inc.
FS Partner(s)Conservation International
Location of Project ActivityThe Republic of the Philippines, Quirino province
Summary of FS ReportSummary (PDF179KB)
Description of Project ActivityThis project aims for ‘Three Benefits’, namely, to create an alternative source of income for the local community, to protect and improve the habitat for animals and plants, and at the same time to stabilize the ecology in watershed areas to ensure a steady supply of water.
The A/R activities are composed of A/R CDM component and non A/R CDM component.
  • A/R CDM
    Reforestation: 5,000ha
    Agroforestry: 2,000ha
  • non A/R CDM
    Forest protection: 5,000ha
    Short rotation plantation: 500ha
    Jatropha plantation: 500ha
The bio-fuel component is designed as a small scale emission reduction type CDM. The local community will acquire a new source of income from non-timber productions and sales of CER, and short-term coppice forest to retrieve fire and timber woods for livelihood needs. By combining with the bio-fuel component using Jatropha seeds, they will have access to a stable market for Jatropha seeds produced from Jatropha plantation.
Targeted GHGCO2
Category of Project ActivityBiomass Utilisation & Afforestation/Reforestation
Duration of Project Activity/ Crediting Period2008-2037
Baseline Methodology/ Additionality[A/R]
The baseline scenario was determined in 3 steps as stated in the applied methodology, AR-AM0004 ver.2. For this subject area, the farming area is increasing with the population growth, and unless there are subsidies to encourage land use change, it will not be relinquished. Therefore, land use as farmland or pasture will continue as according to scenario 1 (status quo). Furthermore, the majority of farmlands is used to grow corn for animal feed, and our project will not compete with the food self-sufficiency in the region. Through the tool for the demonstration and assessment of additionality in A/R CDM project activities, we displayed that this project activity is not the baseline scenario but additional. In Step 2, we have only conducted a barrier analysis.
The baseline is the fossil fuel consumption in the absence of proposed project, according to Paragraph 7 of AMS-I.B. and paragraph 6 of AMS-I.C. The energy baseline will be the fossil fuel consumption results prior to the project. If from investment and technical barriers there was no CDM project, there would not be any transition from fossil fuel to Jatropha oil, and as a consequence, the reliance on high GHG emission fossil fuel for agricultural machinery, namely grain dryer and rice mill, operation would continue.
Estimation of GHG Emission Reductions[A/R]
2,412,095 tons CO2 absorption in 30 years
7,680 tons CO2 emission reductions in 10 years
Monitoring Methodology[A/R]
The project will be monitored according to AR-AM0004(ver.2). The baseline net GHG removals will not be monitored.
According to AMS-I.B. and AMS-I.C., the project implementing body will monitor the operation of the subject agricultural machineries annually.
Environmental Impact Analysis[A/R]
A desk review on environmental impact assessment of the project was conducted based on the Climate, Community and Biodiversity (CCB) Standards, developed by Conservation International. A questionnaire survey in the region on the socio-economic effects of this project was conducted.
According to the classification of Philippine Environmental Impact Assessment System, the proposed project is small-scale and will not be required to comply with the environmental assessment policy, however, since it is presumed to have both positive and negative effects to the environment, appropriate measures will be necessary after discussions with DENR.
Issues and Tasks for Project RealisationA reliable financial scheme which secures sustainability of project implementation is needed.