CDM FS for Biomass-based Power Generation Project in Cambodia, with Development of Standardised Baseline of Off-Grid Electricity Generation

Global Environment Centre Foundation(GEC)

Reports of CDM/JI Feasibility Studies

Title of Feasibility Study (FS)CDM FS for Biomass-based Power Generation Project in Cambodia, with Development of Standardised Baseline of Off-Grid Electricity Generation
FYrFY 2011
Main Implementing EntityJapan NUS Co., Ltd.
FS Partner(s)Hyogo University Sasaki office
Mekong Carbon Co., Ltd.
National Authority of Preah Vihear
Location of Project ActivityCambodia
Category of Project ActivityBiomass Utilisation
Targeted GHGCarbon Dioxide (CO2)

Report (PDF 146KB)

Description of Project ActivityThis project is to introduce biomass power generation plant with total capacity of 50 MW in Preah Vihear Province of Cambodia. Biomass fuel consists of herbaceous biomass collected by plantation of napier grass and woody biomass from selective logging for forest management.
There is no approved CDM methodology that can be applied to the project which supplies electricity to off-grid area by collecting biomass fuel from plantation. In addition, there are quite a few off-grid areas in Cambodia. Therefore, standardised baseline was developed so that other biomass power project in off-grid area can apply.
Methodology to be appliedNew methodology
Baseline ScenarioStandardised baseline was developed along with UNFCCC policy as well as through discussion process with Cambodia DNA. Sector was set as electricity generation in Cambodian territory that has no connection to grid systems. Since large part of the local electricity provider is operating with less than 200 kW, it is concluded as reasonable that baseline scenario is electricity generation by ICE (Internal Combustion Engine) from diesel oil fuel with 200 kW capacity. Baseline emission factor was set as 0.81 tCO2/MWh.
Monitoring PlanMonitoring of the project shall follow new methodology applying proposed standardised baseline. Monitoring items are set based on AM0042 and new methodology developing under methodology panel of UNFCCC.
Estimation of GHG Emission Reductions120,998 tCO2/y
Duration of Project Activity/ Crediting PeriodConsidering development plan of Preah Vihear area and the longevity of hardware, duration of projecct activity is selected 25 years. Crediting period will be 21 years in total (seven years and two renewals).
Environmental Impact AnalysisLaw on Environmental Protection and Natural Resources Management regulates electricity power project with more than 5 MW to conduct environmental impact assessment.
Demonstration of AdditionalityDemonstration of additionality shall be compliance with proposed standardised baseline. Since Cambodia is designated as LDC, projects with less than 5 MW can be applied “Guidelines for demonstrating additionality of microscale project activities” for exemption of demonstration of additionality. Projects with more than 5 MW need additionality demonstration. For the proposed standardised baseline, in order to contribute to reduce transaction costs of project participants, which is one of the aim of standardised baseline, positive list was applied.
Project FeasibilityThis project intends to start construction of the first 320 kW facility in 2013 and install first 10MW facility in 2015. To implement the large scale project, there are several problems to solve.
"Co-benefits" (i.e. Improvement of Local Environmental Problems)This project can decrease sulfur oxides and soot dust from diesel generator.
Contribution to Sustainable Development in Host CountryPlantation and collection of biomass will be conducted by local people that will create employment. Increase of employment contributes to sustainable development.
Introduce of biomass power plant can reduce pollution of atmosphere that also contributes to sustainable development.