Feasibility Study on Programmatic CDM for Municipal Solid Waste Composting in Viet Nam

Global Environment Centre Foundation(GEC)

Reports of CDM/JI Feasibility Studies

Title of Feasibility Study (FS)Feasibility Study on Programmatic CDM for Municipal Solid Waste Composting in Viet Nam
FYFY 2010
Main Implementing EntityIchikawa Kankyo Engineering Co., Ltd.
FS Partner(s)Hanoi Urban Environment Company (URENCO), JACO-CDM (DOE), Japan Organics Recycling Association (JORA), Japan Environmental Consultant (CUES)
Location of Project ActivityViet Nam
Category of Project ActivityWaste Management
Targeted GHGCH4
Duration of Project Activity/ Crediting Period
  • PoA: 28years.
  • CPA#1: Project implementation period = 15 years, Crediting period = 14 years.
Summary of FS ReportSummary(PDF 362KB)
Description of Project ActivityThis project is programmatic CDM to support the Vietnamese Government's policy to extend the life of landfill sites while meeting increasing needs for organic fertilizer through the individual CDM project described below.
The association of waste management companies (Vietnam Urban Environment and Industrial Zone Association, VUREIA) is supposed to become the coordinating/managing entity (CME) of this programmatic CDM.
The first CPA (CPA#1) is to construct a composting facility next to the landfill site owned and operated by Hung Yen city, Hung Yen province. Municipal solid wastes (MSWs) are collected by a public company and mixed waste will be brought to the facility. The amount of waste brought to the facility is estimated at 50 tons per day. In the facility, organic waste s kitchen garden waste, paper and cloth will be separated mainly by hand and processed as compost. Compost will be sold to farmers around the city, used in the green spaces in the city, and enrich the earth for suburban tea plantations. Waste plastics that can not be as compost will be washed briefly and sold to recyclers. IKE is considering invest and this project, and up of the project will be latter half of 2013.
Methodology to be appliedAMS-III.F
Baseline ScenarioLandfill is minimum necessary component in waste management system, and most low-cost system within various waste management technologies/systems. Landfill is common practice on waste management in Vietnam and there is no law to restrict the use of landfill. Therefore, continuous using landfill will be the baseline Scenario, and methane (CH4) will be generated and emitted to the atmosphere.
Demonstration of AdditionalityAdditionality was confirmed based on using "Methodological Tool: Tool for the demonstration and assessment of additionality」(Version 5.2)". 6 cases with different technologies were initially considered, and 2 cases which were "Composting (without CDM)" and "Landfill (BaU)" was chosen as most considerable alternatives to "Composting (with CDM)". As a result, the project activity was demonstrated to be additional.
Estimation of GHG Emission ReductionsCPA#1: 52,742tCO2 in 7 years (Average: 7,535tCO2/year)
Monitoring PlanMonitoring will be conducted at each CPA and sampling method will not be selected. CPAs will utilize monitoring plan based on monitoring method of AMS-III.F and "Tool to determine methane emissions avoided from disposal of waste at a solid waste disposal site (Version 05) (EB55)".
Environmental Impact AnalysisEnvironmental impact such as odor may occur by poor management of facility and composting procedure in the project activity. Environmental impact assessment based on Vietnamese law is required for CPAs to conduct.
Project FeasibilityCost for obtaining CER unit shall be high comparing to CDM project which has priority in obtaining CER itself. IKE is aiming to use CER as sub-income for us to develop business in developing countries such as Viet Nam, which the society and the government could not pay enough cost for better waste management. This FS showed us that the CDM will be supportive to our business strategy.
"Co-benefits" (i.e. Improvement of Local Environmental Problems)This project contributes to the increase of the landfill site's remaining life. The amount of landfilled wastes could be reduced to 17.3% in weight (15,092.75t/year). The project also expects to decrease the organic contents in leachate water from the landfill site.
Contribution to Sustainable Development in Host CountryThe PoA can provide an opportunity for investment towards waste management projects development in small/medium size local authorities. As a result, the better waste management and recycling activities in these areas will be provided.