CDM Feasibility Study on Biogas Plants Introducing Program in Nepal

Global Environment Centre Foundation(GEC)

Reports of CDM/JI Feasibility Studies

Title of Feasibility Study (FS)CDM Feasibility Study on Biogas Plants Introducing Program in Nepal
FYFY 2008
Main Implementing EntityNTT GP-ECO Communication, Inc
FS Partner(s)Nippon Telegraph and Telephone West Corporation (NTT West)
Location of Project ActivityNepal
Summary of FS ReportSummary (PDF861KB)
Description of Project ActivityThis is the CDM project which is designed to avoid Methane gas emission from the open dumped livestock dung, and reduce the amount of consumed firewood as non-renewable biomass by introduction of biogas plants at households and using the Methane gas generated thereby as cooking fuel.
The project is also the programme activity under Biogas Support Programme (BSP) which sets the boundary at the whole of Nepal (some mountainous regions are excluded) and considers a village as a CPA site.
Those villages as CPA sites are scattered in Nepal, and therefore IT tool is introduced as operating, managing, and monitoring tool. In particular, tele-center (the base where an IT coordinator is stationed in order to provide information of internet terminals to villages) is established at each CPA site. And it is also established to promote communication among Coordinating or Managing entity and CPA over the situation of monitoring as well as management during the project period.
The CDM project is designed to solve the deforestation problems in Nepal by controlling the amount of consumed firewood as non-renewable biomass. And therefore, the project could be considered as co-benefit CDM project which settles the issue and ground water contamination caused by open dumped livestock dung.
Targeted GHGCO2, and CH4
Category of Project ActivityWaste Management
Duration of Project Activity/ Crediting PeriodInitial Registration CPA(Fixed for 7 years): 2010-2017
PoA(For 28 years): 2010-2028
Baseline Scenario (including Methodology to be applied)As the result of analysis of baseline scenario, BaU one is taken. As for applying methodologies, they are AMS-I.E (Switch from Non-Renewable Biomass for Thermal Applications by the User)and AMS-III.D (Methane recovery in animal manure management systems).
Demonstration of AdditionalityFinancial Addtionality has been certified at PoA and CPA level.
Estimation of GHG Emission ReductionsThe total emission reduction amount of initially registered 10 CPA is expected to be 3,100tCO2/year, as annual average.
Monitoring Plan (including Methodology to be applied)According to methodologies AMS-I.E (Switch from Non-Renewable Biomass for Thermal Applications by the User) and AMS-III.D (Methane recovery in animal manure management systems), the monitoring categories are:
  • The amount of consumed Methane gas
  • Maintenance of biogas plant and cooking stove
  • Types and head numbers of live stock
  • Potential leakage of non-renewable biomass, if necessary
Environmental Impact AnalysisThe project is excluded from Environmental Impact Assessment. And indirect impacts are considered in the project, which are as the followings.
  • Environmental (Positive impact): Prevention of deforestation by reduction of firewood
  • Social: The saved hours which used to have been spent in collecting firewood
  • Economical: Creation of employment opportunities in Nepal
  • Health: Prevention of respiratory diseases among women
  • Gender: Social advancement by women and release from hard work and long working hours burdened on them
  • Agriculture: Yield improvement of agricultural crops and reduction of chemical fertilizer
Issues and Tasks for Project MaterialisationIt is discussed that the Biogas Plants Introducing programme CDM can be implemented under the existing BSP, however, the approval is required on fund support from Japan by the Ministry of Environment, Science and Technology, AEPC, SNV/DGIS (Netherland) and KfW (Germany) as fund supporters of BSP. And therefore, the discussions are proceeded with the project sources if fund support by Japanese organizations is acceptable. According to cases, unique program to the project could be established like WWF.
As Japanese fund support, the one by public and private sectors are considered. In case of investment on programme CDM, flexible system is required which investment is available on adding CPA. Given this, the fund by private sectors is desirable.
As to Coordinating or Managing organization, AEPC and BSP-N are nominated. BSP-N has registered two CDM projects and is preparing for other CDM registration, and BSP-N has sufficient actual results in CDM. Although the start of the project is estimated to be after August 2009 when the present BSP phase Ⅳ ends. It will be arranged along with financing plan.
Co-benefits EffectsOn the feasibility of making ground water contamination co-benefit CDM. The benefit of co-benefit by biogas plant installation project, which is designed to avoid ground water contamination caused by open dumped livestock dung, is expected in Terai region where the contamination is considered to be relatively terrible. However in that case, measurement of Nitrogen concentration (co-benefit monitoring) after installation is also required.