Feasibility Study on the MSW Intermediate Treatment Programmatic CDM in West Java Province, Indonesia

Global Environment Centre Foundation(GEC)

Reports of CDM/JI Feasibility Studies

Title of Feasibility Study (FS)Feasibility Study on the MSW Intermediate Treatment Programmatic CDM in West Java Province, Indonesia
FYFY 2008
Main Implementing EntityKajima Corporation
FS Partner(s)-
Location of Project ActivityIndonesia (West Java Province)
Summary of FS ReportSummary (PDF176KB)
Description of Project ActivityThis program is to introduce the simplified Mechanical Biological Treatment (MBT) as a technology for intermediate treatment of municipal solid waste (MSW) in the 25 municipalities (16 prefectures and 9 cities) in West Java Province, applying programmatic CDM scheme. The simplified MBT includes mechanical/manual segregation of municipal solid waste and aerobic stabilization of organic wastes and to avoid methane emissions from municipal solid waste disposed and anaerobically decomposed in landfills and to reduce the GHG emissions.
The boundary of the proposed Programme of Activity (PoA) is the whole West Java Province, and the Government of West Java Province would be Coordinating/Managing Entity (CME) for the proposed PoA. The MBT project will be implemented by the individual municipality or community, and each of these MBT project is considered as a CDM project Activity (CPA).
This PoA is planned to start with the large-scale CPA from an economical point of view, and then expand to the small-scale CPA using the carbon credit revenue obtained through the program implementation.
Targeted GHGCH4
Category of Project ActivityWaste Management
Duration of Project Activity/ Crediting Period2010-2027 (28 years)/2010-2016 (7 years with extension)
Baseline Scenario (including Methodology to be applied)This PoA applies the approved methodology; AM0025 "Avoided emissions from organic waste through alternative waste treatment process", Version 11 (EB44).
The baseline scenario is continuation of the present situation in which the waste is disposed of in landfill without the capture of landfill gas. This continuation of the current practice can be implemented at the lowest price. If there are no governmental policies in compost buyback system, any other intermediate waste treatment will not be implemented without the incentive provided by the CDM, thus the continuation of the current practice is identified as a baseline scenario.
Demonstration of AdditionalityAdditionality of the proposed program was examined according to the applied methodologies and "Tool for the demonstration and assessment of additionality (Version 05.2)". Barrier analysis of the program showed that the proposed project activity faced investment barrier and technological barrier, and any similar activity would not be implemented without the incentive provided by the CDM. Therefore, the proposed project activity is additional.
Estimation of GHG Emission ReductionsCPA with the treatment capacity of 300t/d: 39,000tCO2/year (average in the first 7 years)
The potential GHG emission reductions in the whole West Java Province through the program implementation are estimated to be about 600,000tCO2/year based on the total waste generation amount (about 4,500t).
Monitoring Plan (including Methodology to be applied)Monitoring Plan was established based on the applied methodology AM0025. Major parameters to be monitored includes;
  • Electricity and fuel consumption for the project activity
  • Amount of waste treated at the facility
  • Composition of wastes treated at the facility
  • Total quantity of compost produced / sold in a year
Environmental Impact AnalysisThis program is to segregate and treat municipal solid waste, and thus is expected to have no major negative impacts on environment. According to the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) system in Indonesia, the proposed projects are not required an EIA report called AMDAL, as the capacity of the proposed plants will be below the capacity stipulated in the law, but is required a simplified environmental management plan (UKL) and environmental monitoring plan (UPL).
Issues and Tasks for Project MaterialisationThe feasibility study revealed that only large scale facility (with capacity over 300t/d) would be profitable with two major income sources, i.e., rather low tipping fee and CER sales. Medium and small scale project would not be feasible without any additional income. Taking this result into consideration, the most effective implementation procedures for the proposed programmatic CDM was proposed as follows; starting with municipalities with large scale landfill site from a cost-effectiveness point of view, and expanding the activities to other municipalities with medium and small scale landfill site using the revenue from obtained carbon credit as funding resource.
Although the local counterpart shows a proactive stance in implementing the program, there are several issued as described below, and continuous and prompt coordination are needed.
    • 1) Establishment of a implementation framework within the provincial government

    • 2) Selection of Municipalities Implementing CPAs and development a concrete plan

    3) Establishment of a system for private consignment of the project implementation
Co-benefits EffectsA comprehensive assessment system was developed to evaluate the contribution of the proposed activity to pollution control. Major pollution factors such as odor, water pollution and air pollution are evaluated on a five-point scale, and total score is calculated by summing up the point of each factor weighted according to its degree of environmental impact.