Philippines Reforestation, Agroforestry and Biomass ‘Triple Benefit’ CDM Project Research

Global Environment Centre Foundation(GEC)

Reports of CDM/JI Feasibility Studies

Title of the researchPhilippines Reforestation, Agroforestry and Biomass ‘Triple Benefit’ CDM Project Research
FYFY 2006
Main research orgnisationMitsubishi Research Institute, Inc.
Research partner(s)Conservation International
Location of the projectPhilippines (Quirino)
Summary of the research report (PDF)Summary(PDF 128KB)
Description of the projectThis project aims for ‘Three Benefits’, namely, to create an alternative source of income for the local community, to protect and improve the habitat for animals and plants, and at the same time to stabilize the ecology in watershed areas to ensure a steady supply of water.

The A/R component will be composed of A/R CDM component and non A/R CDM component.
wReforestation: 5,000ha
wAgroforestry: 2,000ha
nnon A/R CDM
wForest protection: 5,000ha
wShort rotation plantation: 500ha
wJatropha plantation: 500ha

The biomass energy component will be designed as an emission reduction type CDM.

The local community will acquire a new source of income from non-timber productions and sales of CER, and short-term coppice forest to retrieve fire and timber woods for livelihood needs. By combining with the biomass energy component using Jatropha seeds, they will have access to a stable market for Jatropha seeds produced from Jatropha plantation.
Sector of the projectAfforestation/Reforestation & Biomass Utilisation
Duration of the project activity/ crediting period2007-2037/
Baseline methodology/additionality[A/R]
The baseline scenario was determined in 3 steps as stated in the applied methodology, AR-AM0004. For this subject area, the farming area is increasing with the population growth, and unless there are subsidies to encourage land use change, it will not be relinquished. Therefore, land use as farmland or pasture will continue as according to scenario 1 (status quo). Furthermore, the majority of farmlands is used to grow corn for animal feed, and our project will not compete with the food self-sufficiency in the region.

Through the tool for the demonstration and assessment of additionality in A/R CDM project activities, we displayed that this project activity is not the baseline scenario but additional. In Step 2, we have only conducted a barrier analysis.

The baseline is the fossil fuel consumption in the absence of proposed project, according to Paragraph 8 of AMS-I.A. and paragraph 6 of AMS-I.B. The energy baseline will be the fossil fuel consumption results prior to the project as stated in the paragraph 8 option 3 of AMS-I.A. and paragraph 6 (b) of AMS-I.B.

If from investment and technical barriers there was no CDM project, there would not be any transition from fossil fuel to Jatropha oil, and as a consequence, the reliance on high GHG emission fossil fuel for electricity generation and agricultural machinery operation would continue.
Estimation of GHG emissions[A/R]
1,806,197 tons in CO2 emission in 30 years

4,819 tons in CO2 emission in 10 years
Monitoring methodology[A/R]
The project will be monitored according to AR-AM004. The baseline net GHG removals will not monitored.

According to the paragraph 14 of AMS-I.A. and paragraph 9 of AMS-I.B., the project implementing body will monitor the operation of the subject electric generators and the number of machineries in operation annually.
Environmental impact[A/R]
A desk review on environmental impact assessment of the project was conducted based on the Climate, Community and Biodiversity (CCB) Standards, developed by Conservation International. A questionnaire survey in the region on the socio-economic effects of this project was conducted.

According to the classification of Philippine Environmental Impact Assessment System, the proposed project is small-scale and most likely will not be required to comply with the environmental assessment policy, however, since it is presumed to have both positive and negative effects to the environment, appropriate measures will be necessary after discussions with DENR.
Issues and tasks for project implementation[A/R]
It is needed to find investors and to elaborate the framework to allocate cost and benefit among local farmers.

It is needed to examine technological issues relating mixing Jatropha oil.