Feasibility Study of Joint Implementation project for Recovery and Destruction of HFC23 from Refrigerant Gas Plant in Russia

Global Environment Centre Foundation(GEC)

Reports of CDM/JI Feasibility Studies

Title of the researchFeasibility Study of Joint Implementation project for Recovery and Destruction of HFC23 from Refrigerant Gas Plant in Russia
FYFY 2005
Main research orgnisationSumitomo Corporation
Research partner(s)Chimprom Ltd.
Location of the projectRussia (Volgograd)
Summary of the research report (PDF)Summary
Description of the projectThe proposed project is aiming at complete destruction of HFC23 (GWP11,700 ) before release into the atmosphere by incorporating an off-gas collection and a advanced submerged-combustion system in the HCFC22 production line of Chimprom Ltd. located in Volgograd, Russian Federation
The expected reduction of GHG is nearly 390 thousand-CO2/year.
Sector of the projectOthers (HFC Destruction)
Duration of the project activity/ crediting period2008 – 2012
Baseline methodology/additionalityThe baseline is established according to the approved methodology AM0001 (Incineration of HFC23 Waste Streams).  In Russia, there are no judicial controls concerning the destruction of HFC23. Based on verification of additionality, "release into the open air on an ongoing basis" is taken as a baseline.

In accordance with the additionality verification tool by the CDM Executive Board, the additionality of this project is demonstrated successfully. Russia, at present, has no legal constraints concerning the destruction of HFC23, and there are no incentives for the Russian industry to make investments and bear the operating costs for the destruction of GHG.
Estimation of GHG emissionsThe emission reduction (ERU) can be calculated as follows:

E_R (EUR)= (Q_HFC_23 - Q_BL_HFC_23) x GWP_HFC_23 - E_P (where E_P = E_TOP + E_L)

E_R(EUR): Reduction in GHG emissions - ton/year Q_HFC_23: HFC23 waste gas annihilated in the project - ton/year
Q_BL_HFC_23: Baseline of HFC23 waste gas to be annihilated - ton/year
E_P: GHG released as a result of project implementation - ton/year
E_TOP: GHG emission resulting from thermal destruction process - ton/year
E_L: GHG emission due to leakage - ton/year
GWP_HFC_23: Global warming potential of HFC23 =11,700 t-CO2/t-HFC23

Taking into account Chimprom's operating data over the past 3 years, emission coefficients of steam and electricity, and fundamental data for calculation of emission reduction, the emission reduction is determined as follows.

GHG emission reduction (ERU)
= (Q_HFC_23 - Q_BL_HFC_23) x GWP_HFC_23 - E_P(where E_P=E_TOP+E_L)

As calculated above, the GHG emission reduction (ERU) is estimated at 390,563t-CO2/year.
Monitoring methodologyThe monitoring methodology AM0001 Ver. 03, “Incineration of HFC23 waste stream,” approved by the CDM Executive Board is used. Its application to the proposed project is judged valid as the applicability of the methodology is in line with the baseline methodology.
Environmental impact(1) Waste gas:
The gases likely to be released beyond the boundaries of the project as a result of its implementation include: those contained in the waste gas from the HFCF22 production process; and those of the substances (CO2, HF, HCl, Cl2, CO, NOx, C6HsCl, C6H5C10 and dioxins) likely to be generated by the thermal destruction of HFC21, HFC23 and HCFC22. All these will ultimately be guided into a gas processing tank and released into the open air after verification that they meet the environmental standards. CaF sludge trapped in the settling tank will be recovered at the cementation plant in Chimprom factory premises as cement admixture for reuse in the factory. The impact of CO2 and other emissions resulting from the consumption of fuel for the transshipment of the sludge, electricity and steam will be quite small and negligible. Also The generation of Dioxins from a submerged HFC23 incineration is negligible, which was demonstrated in the verification test in Japan.

(2) Wastewater
Wastewater effluent will be treated properly in the settling tank where HF and HCl are neutralized with calcium hydroxide. The effluent drains into a common wastewater treatment facility is treated in accordance with the wastewater treatment standards.

(3) Noise
The submerged combustion system to be used for the proposed project will generate little or no noise.
Issues and tasks for project implementationAn organization for the project implementation is illustrated below

The problems that must be solved for the proposed project to generate JI credits (ERUs) during the first commitment period (2008-2012) include: 1) establishment of joint implementation rules in COP/MOP; 2) development of Kyoto mechanism infrastructure in Russia, and acquisition of the approval by the Russian Federal Government. These problems are expected to be solved towards the end of 2006.