|Title of the research||Improvement of POME Treatment System at Palm Oil Mills, Malaysia|
|Main research orgnisation||Pacific Consultants International|
|Research partner(s)||Pacific Consultants Co., Ltd, Det Norske Veritas Certification Ltd. (DNV)|
|Location of the project||Malaysia (Johor, Selangor, Kelantan, N. Sembilan, Sabah)|
|Summary of the research report (PDF)||Summary|
|Description of the project||This project aims to replace an open-lagoon POME (palm oil mill effluent) treatment system, which is currently adopted in 13 of the KLK’s palm oil mills in Malaysia, with high-efficient methane-free POME treatment plants, which avoid methane emission from the open lagoons and also contribute to an economically, environmentally and socially sustainable development of palm oil industry in Malaysia.|
Flow of New POME Treatment System
|Sector of the project||Biomass Utilisation|
|Duration of the project activity/ crediting period||2008 - 2027 / 7 years|
|Baseline methodology/additionality||Baseline scenario determination|
Baseline scenario is determined as “Anaerobic treatment at open lagoon is continuously used as currently being practiced” using the proposed new methodology. The proposed new methodology consists of Step i: Identification of alternatives to the proposed project activity and screening based on laws and regulations of wastewater treatment and Step ii: Barrier Analysis.
The following baseline scenario alternatives are identified in Step i:
- Alternative 1: the anaerobic treatment at open lagoon (continuation of current practice)
- Alternative 2: the open-tank digester treatment
- Alternative 3: the closed-tank anaerobic treatment with electricity/ heat generation
- Alternative 4: the proposed project activity without CDM
The Project is determination additional according to the “Tool for the demonstration and assessment of additionality,” as published in Annex 1 of the sixteenth meeting of the Executive Board (EB-16).
|Estimation of GHG emissions||Project Emissions|
Since all the target mills currently consume and will consume in the future electricity that is generated by biomass generator, CO2 is not emitted as a result of the project activity.
Baseline emissions consist of the methane emissions from an open lagoon wastewater treatment system, which is calculated as below:
GHG Emissions Reduction = 204,035 (tCO2/yr) - 0(tCO2/yr) = 204,035(tCO2/yr)
No Leakage is identified from the Project. High-efficient POME treatment plant separates and recovers solid wastes contained in POME, which are applied to palm oil fields after dewatering as fertilizer supplement. Since these wastes are carried to the palm oil estates using the existing fertilizer transportation system, new transportation system or vehicles are not required. And therefore, leakage is considered to be zero.
|Monitoring methodology||Monitoring of the emissions in the project scenario|
No data is monitored since no emission is expected during the operation of the project.
Monitoring of the emissions in the baseline scenario
|Environmental impact||The Project involves construction and operation of a POME treatment plant at the existing palm oil mill estate. According to the Malaysian Department of Environment, EIA is not required for the proposed activity under the Malaysian “Environmental Quality (Prescribed Activities) (Environmental Impact Assessment) Order 1987.”|
The new plant complies with all the Malaysian environmental regulations, and has no significant adverse impacts on the surrounding environment.
|Issues and tasks for project implementation||Project Participants and Functions|
KLK is planning to procure 70% of the total project cost using its own capital, and to procure the remaining 30% by the JCF (Japan Carbon Finance Ltd.) upfront payment scheme. The condition of this agreement is under discussion.